There are many other different kinds of Industry Sectors, and they are usually divided into different classes or sectors. The Primary Industry Sector is agriculture, mining and raw material extraction. The Secondary Industry Sector is manufacturing - which is what is colloquially meant by the word "industry". The Tertiary Industry Sector is service production. Sometimes one talks about a Quaternary Industry Sector, consisting of intellectual services.
- By product: chemical industry, petroleum industry, meatpacking industry, hospitality industry, food industry, fish industry, software industry, paper industry, entertainment industry, semiconductor industry, cultural industry, poverty industry
- Labor-intensive industry - capital-intensive industry
- Light industry - heavy industry
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Primary Industry Sector
The Primary Industry Sector of the economy involves changing natural resources into primary products. Most products from this sector are considered raw materials for other industries. Major businesses in this sector include agriculture, agribusiness, fishing, forestry and all mining and quarrying industries.
The manufacturing industries that aggregate, pack, package, purify or process the raw materials close to the primary producers are normally considered part of this sector, especially if the raw material is unsuitable for sale or difficult to transport long distances.
Primary Industry Sector is a larger sector in developing countries; for instance, animal husbandry is more common in Africa than in Japan. Mining in 19th century South Wales is a case study of how an economy can come to rely on one form of business.
Secondary Industry Sector
The Secondary Industry Sector of the economy is one of the three economic sectors, sometimes an additional sector, the "quaternary sector", is defined for the sharing of information (which normally belongs to the tertiary sector).
The Secondary Industry Sector of the economy includes those economic sectors that create a finished, usable product: manufacturing and construction.
This Industry Sector generally takes the output of the primary sector and manufactures finished goods or where they are suitable for use by other businesses, for export, or sale to domestic consumers. This sector is often divided into light industry and heavy industry. Many of these industries consume large quantities of energy and require factories and machinery to convert the raw materials into goods and products. They also produce waste materials and waste heat that may pose environmental problems or cause pollution.
Some economists contrast wealth-producing sectors in an economy such as manufacturing with the service sector which tends to be wealth-consuming. Examples of service may include retail, insurance, and government. These economists contend that an economy begins to decline as its wealth-producing sector shrinks. Manufacturing is an important activity to promote economic growth and development. Nations which export manufactured products tend to generate higher marginal gross domestic product (GDP) growth which supports higher incomes and marginal tax revenue needed to fund the quality of life initiatives such as health care and infrastructure in the economy. The field is an important source for engineering job opportunities. Among developed countries, it is an important source of well paying jobs for the middle class to facilitate greater social mobility for successive generations in an economy.
Divisions of the Industry Sector include:
* Aerospace manufacturing
* Automobile industry
* Brewing industry
* Chemical industry
* Textile industry
* Consumer electronics
* Energy industry (petroleum industry, natural gas industry, electricity industry)
* Industrial equipment
* Steel production
* Tobacco industry
Tertiary Industry Sector
The Tertiary Industry Sector of economy (also known as the service sector or the service industry) is one of the three economic sectors. The Tertiary Industry Sector is defined by exclusion of the two other sectors. Services are defined in conventional economic literature as "intangible goods".
The Tertiary Industry Sector of economy involves the provision of services to businesses as well as final consumers. Services may involve the transport, distribution and sale of goods from producer to a consumer as may happen in wholesaling and retailing, or may involve the provision of a service, such as in pest control or entertainment. Goods may be transformed in the process of providing a service, as happens in the restaurant industry or in equipment repair. However, the focus is on people interacting with people and serving the customer rather than transforming physical goods.
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